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Check out our interactive infographic to see progress toward the Lesbian Gay Bisexual and Transgender Health objectives and other Healthy People topic areas. Improve the health, safety, and well-being of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender LGBT individuals. LGBT individuals encompass all races and ethnicities, religions, and social classes. Sexual orientation and gender identity questions are not asked on most national or State surveys, making it difficult to estimate the of LGBT individuals and their health needs.
Research suggests that LGBT individuals face health disparities linked to societal stigma, discrimination, and denial of their civil and human rights. Discrimination against LGBT persons has been associated with high rates of psychiatric disorders, 1 substance abuse, 23 and suicide. The LGBT companion document to Healthy People 7 highlighted the need for more research to document, understand, and address the environmental factors that contribute to health disparities in the LGBT community.
As part of this work, we need to increase the of nationally-representative health-related surveys that collect information on sexual orientation and gender identity SOGI. At the beginning of the decade, the following 6 national data systems collected sexual orientation data:.
Since the beginning of the decade, 2 additional national surveys have begun collecting sexual orientation data:. The many benefits of addressing health concerns and reducing disparities include:.
In order to effectively address LGBT health issues, we need to securely and consistently collect SOGI information in national surveys and health records. This will allow researchers and policy makers to accurately characterize LGBT health and disparities. Understanding LGBT health starts with understanding the history of oppression and discrimination that these communities have faced. For example, in part because bars and clubs were often the only safe places where LGBT individuals could gather, alcohol abuse has been an ongoing problem.
Social determinants affecting the health of LGBT individuals largely relate to oppression and discrimination. Examples include:. LGBT health requires specific attention from health care and public health professionals to address a of disparities, including:. A of issues will need to continue to be evaluated and addressed over the coming decade, including:. Responses to discrimination and psychiatric disorders among black, Hispanic, female, and lesbian, gay, and bisexual individuals. Am J Public Health. Sexual risk, substance use, and psychological distress in HIV-positive gay and bisexual men who also inject drugs.
Sexual orientation and mental health. Annu Rev Clin Psychol. The relationship between suicide risk and sexual orientation: of a population-based study. Pervasive trauma exposure among US sexual orientation minority adults and risk of posttraumatic stress disorder. Healthy People Atlanta: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Sexual orientation and health among U. Sexual orientation and estimates of adult substance use and mental health: from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health [Internet].
LGBT Health. Regular health care use by lesbians: A path analysis of predictive factors. Fam Pract. Med Stud Edu. Suicide risk and prevention for lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youth. Compendium of HIV prevention interventions with evidence of effectiveness [Internet].
Atlanta: CDC; The effects of unequal access to health insurance for same-sex couples in California. Health Affairs. The epidemiology of problem drinking in gay men and lesbians: A critical review. Clin Psych Rev. Sexual orientation and risk of suicide attempts among a representative sample of youth.
Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. A population-based study of sexual orientation identity and gender differences in adult health. J Adolesc Health. Lesbian, gay, and bisexual homeless youth: An eight-city public health perspective. Child Welfare. Disparities in health insurance coverage, access, and outcomes for individuals in same-sex versus different-sex relationships, — Demonstrating the importance and feasibility of including sexual orientation in public health surveys: Health disparities in the Pacific Northwest. Overweight and obesity in lesbian and bisexual college women. J Am College Health.
AIDS Behav. Mental disorder, subsistence strategies, and victimization among gay, lesbian, and bisexual homeless and runaway adolescents.
J Sex Research. The impact of homophobia, poverty, and racism on the mental health of gay and bisexual Latino men: Findings from three US cities. Transgender health: Findings from two needs assessment studies in Philadelphia. Health Soc Work. National transgender discrimination survey: Preliminary findings.
Outing age: Public policy issues affecting gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender elders. Tob Control. The health, health-related needs, and lifecourse experiences of transgender Virginians. Chapter 9: Alcohol use and alcohol-related problems among lesbians and gay men.
Ann Rev of Nurs Res. Stimulant use and HIV risk behavior: The influence of peer support. The circuit party men's health survey: Findings and implications for gay and bisexual men. Google Tag Manager. Visit coronavirus. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Search HealthyPeople.
View HP Data for:. Midcourse Review Data Are In! Related Topic Areas. Access to Health Services. Adolescent Health. Early and Middle Childhood. Educational and Community-Based Programs. Family Planning. Mental Health and Mental Disorders. Health Communication and Health Information Technology. Immunization and Infectious Diseases. Injury and Violence Prevention. Maternal, Infant, and Child Health. Nutrition and Weight Status. Older Adults. Public Health Infrastructure. Sexually Transmitted Diseases.
Social Determinants of Health. Substance Abuse.Lesbians in need of
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LGBT Youth Resources