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Cherokee Indians. Choctaw Indians. Creek Indians. Indians of North America -- North Carolina. Indians of North America -- Social life and customs. Indians of North America -- Southern States. Natural history -- North Carolina. Natural history -- Southern States. Southern States -- Description and travel. verso [No. In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "An Act for the encouragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein mentioned.
PART I. Embarks again for Georgia and arrives at Savanna--proceeds Southward and arrives at Sunbury--observations on the town, harbour, and the island of St. Catharine, its soil and productions-- of the establishment of St. John's district and Midway meeting-house--description of a beautiful fish--proceeds for the river Alatamaha, description of a tremendous thunder storm--crosses the river at fort Barrington and arrives at St. Ille--passes the frontier settlements and meets an hostile Indian--crosses the river St.
Mary and arrives at the trading-house, of the country thereabout, its natural productions, of the lake Ouaquaphenogaw, said to be the source of the St. Mary--returns to the Alatamaha and thence to Savanna. Sets off from Savanna to Augusta, one hundred sixty-five miles North-West from the sea coast--describes the face of the country, the river Savanna, the cataracts and village of Augusta--congress with the Indians at St.
The Author leaves Broughton island and ascends the Alatamaha--night scene--a tempest--description of the river--ruins of an ancient fortification--Indian monuments at the Oakmulge fields--Creeks, of their settlement in Georgia. Sets off from Savanna to East Florida, proceeding by land to the Alatamaha--descends that river to Frederica on the island of St. Simons--describes the island and the city.
Leaves Frederica for the lower trading-house on St. Juans--proceeds up the river alone in a small canoe; suffers by a gale of wind in crossing the river; is hospitality entertained at a gentleman's house, where he rents and sails again--describes fort Picolata--various productions, i. Magnolia grandiflora, Tillansia ulnecites, floating fields of the Pistia stratiotes, the river and country, touches at Charlotteville--arrives at the lower trading-house. Juans--character and comparison of the nations of the Lower and Upper Creeks or Siminoles. Sets out again on a journey to Tallahasochte--description of the Siminole horse--encamps at an enchanting grotto on the banks of a beautiful lake--rocky ridges and desart wilds--engagement between a hawk and the coach-whip-snake--description of the snake-- of the country, grand Pine forest--encamps on the borders of an extensive savanna--description of the savanna crane--came upon the verge of extensive savannas, lying on a beautiful lake--the expansive fields of Capola, decorated with delightful groves--squadrons vi of Siminole horse--a troop under the conduct and care of an Indian dog--the fields of Capola a delightful region--ferruginous rocks, rich iron ore--arrives at Talahasochte on the river Little St.
Juans--describes the town and river--Indian canoes--their voyages and traffic--Indian voyage to Cuba--a fishing party and naval race--an excursion to the Manatee spring--description of that incomparable nympheum--an of the Manatee--crosses the river to explore the country--Spanish remains--vast Cane wildernesses--ancient Spanish plantations--Apalachean old fields--returns to town--White King's arrival--a council and feast--character of the king--leaves the town on researches, and encamps in the forests-- of an extraordinary eruption of waters--s his companions at camp--entertainment by the White King in Talahasochte--preparation and use--returns to camp--great desart plains--entertainment with a party of young Siminole warriors--various natural wells and sinks; conjectures concerning them-- of the Long Pond, and delightful prospects adjacent--returns for the trading-house on St.
Juans--embarassments occasioned by the wild horses--encamps at Bird Island pond--vast of wild fowl tending to their nests--engagement with an alligator who surprised the camp by night--observations on the great Alachua savanna and its environs--arrival at the trading-house. The Author makes an excursion again up St.
Juans to Lake George--revisits Six Mile Springs and Illisium groves, makes collections, and recrosses the lake to the Eastern coast--that shore more bold and rocky than the opposite--coasts round that shore, touching at old deserted plantations--Perennial Cotton--Indigo--unpardonable devastation, and neglect of the white settlers, with respect to the native Orange groves--returns to the trading-house. Indian warriors, their frolick--curious conference with the Long Warrior--ludicrous Indian farce relative to a rattle snake--war farce--farther of the rattle snake-- and description of other snakes and animals--catalogue of birds of North America; observations concerning their migration, or annual passages from North to South, and back again.
vii CHAP. Visits an Indian village on the river--water melon feast--description of the banqueting-house--makes an excursion across the river; great dangers in crossing; lands on the opposite shore--discovers a bee tree, which yielded a great quantity of honey--returns to the shore--embarks for Frederica in Georgia, visits the plantations down the river, enters the sound and passes through; arrives at Frederica--embarks again--touches at Sunbury--arrives in Charleston, South Carolina--meditates a journey to the Cherokee country and Creek Nation, in West Florida.
The Author sets out for the Cherokee territories--passes through a fine cultivated country--crosses Savanna river and enters the state of Georgia--Dirca palustris--cowpens--civil entertainment at a plantation--pursues the road to Augusta, and recrosses the river at Silver Bluff-- of Mr. Golphin's villa and trading-stores, Silver Bluff, fort Moore, Augusta, Savanna river, mountains of large fossil oyster-shells. viii CHAP. Set off from Whatoga to the Overhill towns--Jore village--Roaring Creek--the Author and his guide part--surprised by an indian--salute and part friendly--mountainous vegetable productions--arrives on the top of Jore mountain--sublime prospects--Atta-kul-kulla, grand Cherokee chief--gracious reception--returns to Cowe--great council-house--curious Indian dance--returns and stops at Senica--arrives again at fort James, Dartmouth--list of Cherokee towns and villages.
Rumsey--describes the island--large crimson Plum--a delicate species of Mimosa--passes Lake Pontchartrain, touches at the river Taensapaoa--passes over Lake Maurepas--proceeds ix up to Iberville--crosses by land to Manchac--goes up the Mississipi--settlements of New-Richmond--White Plains--curious muscle shells in the river--crosses over to Point Coupe--Spanish village and fortress--high cliffs opposite Point Coupe--returns to the Amete, thence down through the lakes and sounds--back again to Mobile.
Short excursion in the South of Georgia--makes collections--gathers seed of two new and very curious shrubs. Persons, character and qualifications of the aborigines--most perfect human figure--Muscogulge women--women of the Cherokees--arrogance of the Muscogulges, yet magnanimous and merciful to a vanquished enemy.
Government and civil society--constitution simply natural--the mico or king presides in the senate--elective--yet mysterious--the next man in dignity and power is the great war chief--entirely independent of the mico--his voice in council of the greatest weight concerning military affairs--the high priest a person of consequence, and maintains great influence in their councils and constitution of state--these Indians not idolaters--they adore the Great Spirit, the giver and taker away of the breath of life, with the most profound homage and purity--anecdote.
xi CHAP. Concerning property, agriculture, arts and manufactures--private property--produce of their agricultural labours--common plantation--king's crib--public treasury--women the most ingenious and vigilant in mechanic arts and manufactures. Marriages and funeral rites--polygamy--take wives whilst they are yet young children--adultery--Muscogulges bury their dead in a sitting posture--strange customs of the Chactaws relative to duties to the deceased--bone-house--dirges--feast to the dead--methods which the nurses pursue to flatten the infant's skull and retain its form.
Language and monuments--Muscogulge language spoken throughout the confederacy--agreeable to the ear, Cherokee language loud--pyramidal artificial hills or mounts, terraces, obelisks--high ways and artificial lakes--chunk yards--slave posts. The attention of a traveller, should be particularly turned, in the first place, to the various works of Nature, to mark the distinctions of the climates he may explore, and to offer such useful observations on the different productions as may occur.
Men and manners undoubtedly hold the first rank--whatever may contribute to our existence is also of equal importance, whether it be found in the animal or vegetable kingdoms; neither are the various articles, which tend to promote the happiness and convenience of mankind, to be disregarded. How far the writer of the following sheets has succeeded in furnishing information on these subjects, the reader will be capable of determining. THIS world, as a glorious apartment of the boundless palace of the sovereign Creator, is furnished with an infinite variety of animated scenes, inexpressibly beautiful and pleasing, equally free to the inspection and enjoyment of all his creatures.
PERHAPS there is not any part of creation, within the reach of our observations, which exhibits a more glorious display of the Almighty hand, than the vegetable world.
Such a variety of pleasing scenes, ever changing, throughout the seasons, arising from various causes and ased each to the purpose and use determined. IT is difficult to pronounce which division of the earth, within the polar circles, produces the greatest variety. The tropical division certainly affords those which principally contribute to the more luxurious scenes of splendor, as Myrtus communis, Myrt. Laurus camphor. Laurus Persica, Nux mosch. BUT the temperate zone including by far the greater portion of the earth, and a climate the most favourable to the increase and support of animal life, as well as for the exercise and activity of the human faculties exhibits scenes of infinitely greater variety, magnificence and consequence, with respect to human economy, in regard to the various uses of vegetables.
FOR instance, Triticum Cereale, which affords us bread, and is termed, by way of eminence, the staff of life, the most pleasant and nourishing food--to all terrestrial animals. Vitis vinifera, whose exhilirating juice is said to cheer the hearts of gods and men. IN every order of nature, we perceive a variety of qualities distributed amongst individuals, deed for different purposes and uses, yet it appears evident, that the great Author has impartially distributed his favours to his creatures, so that the attributes of each one seem to be of sufficient importance to manifest the divine and inimitable workmanship.
The blushing Chironia and Rhexia, the spiral Ophrys with immaculate white flowers, the Limodorum, Arethusa pulcherima, Sarracenia purpurea, Sarracenia galeata, Sarracenia lacunosa, Sarracenia flava. Shall we analyze these beautiful plants, since they seem cheerfully to invite us?
How greatly the flowers of the yellow Sarracenia represent a silken canopy, the yellow pendant petals are the curtains, and the hollow leaves are not unlike the cornucopia or Amaltheas horn, what a quantity of water a leaf is capable of containing, about a pint! All the Sarracenia are insect catchers, and so is the Drossea rotundiflolia.
BUT admirable are the properties of the extraordinary Dionea muscipula! A great extent on each side of that serpentine rivulet, is occupied by those sportive vegetables--let us advance to the spot in which nature has seated them.
Astonishing production! Can we after viewing this object, hesitate a moment to confess, that vegetable beings are endued with some sensible faculties or attributes, similar to those that dignify animal nature; xxi they are organical, living and self-moving bodies, for we see here, in this plant, motion and volition. WHAT power or faculty is it, that directs the cirri of the Cucurbita, Momordica, Vitis and other climbers, towards the twigs of shrubs, trees and other friendly support?
Sponsalia plantarum, Amoen. Acad 1. Where is the essential difference between the seed of peas, peaches and other tribes of plants and trees, and that of oviparous animals?
Let us begin at the source of terrestrial existence. Are not the seed of vegetables, and the eggs of oviparous animals fecundated, or influenced with the vivific principle of life, through the aproximation and intimacy of the sexes, and immediately after the eggs and seeds are hatched, the young larva and infant plant, by heat and moisture, rises into existence, increases, and in due time arrives to a state of perfect maturity.
The physiologists agree in opinion, that the work of generation in viviparious animals, is exactly similar, only more secret and inveloped. The mode of operation that nature pursues in the production of vegetables, and oviparous animals is infinitely more uniform and manifest, than that which is or can be discovered to take place in viviparous animals.
THE most apparent difference between animals and vegetables are, that animals have the powers of sound, and are locomotive, whereas vegetables are not able to shift themselves from the places where nature has planted them: yet vegetables have the power of moving and exercising their members, and have the means of transplanting or colonising their tribes almost over the surface of the xxiii whole earth, some seeds, for instance, grapes, nuts, smilax, peas, and others, whose pulp or kernel is food for animals, such seed will remain several days without injuring in stomachs of pigeons and other birds of passage; by this means such sorts are distributed from place to place, even across seas; indeed some seeds require this preparation, by the digestive heat of the stomach of animals, to dissolve and detach the oily, viscid pulp, and to soften the hard shells of others.
Small seeds are sometimes furnished with rays of hair or down, and others with thin light membranes attached to them, which serve the purpose of wings, on which they mount upward, leaving the earth, float in the air, and are carried away by the swift winds to very remote regions before they settle on the earth; some are furnished with hooks, which catch hold of the wool and hair of animals passing by them, are by that means spread abroad; other seeds ripen in pericarpes, which open with elastic force, and shoot their seed to a very great distance round about; some other seeds, as of the Mosses and Fungi, are so very minute as to be invisible, light as atoms, and these mixing with the air, are wafted all over the world.
THE animal creation also, excites our admiration, and equally manifests the almighty power, wisdom and beneficence of the Supreme Creator and Sovereign Lord of the universe; xxiv some in their vast size and strength, as the mamoth, the elephant, the whale, the lion and alligator; others in agility; others in their beauty and elegance of colour, plumage and rapidity of flight, have the faculty of moving and living in the air; others for their immediate and indispensable use and convenience to man, in furnishing means for our clothing and sustenance, and administering to our help in the toils and labours through life; how wonderful is the mechanism of these finely formed, self-moving beings, how complicated their system, yet what unerring uniformity prevails through every tribe and particular species!
We admire the mechanism of a watch, and the fabric of a piece of brocade, as being the production of art; these merit our admiration, and must excite our esteem for the ingenious artist or modifier, but nature is the work of God omnipotent: and an elephant, even this world is comparatively but a very minute part of his works. If then the visible, the mechanical part of the animal creation, the mere material part is so admirably beautiful, harmonious and incomprehensible, what must be the intellectual system? I AM sensible that the general opinion of philosophers, has distinguished the moral system of the brute creature from that of mankind, by an epithet wich implies a mere mechanical impulse, which le and impels them to necessary action without any premeditated de or contrivance, this we term instinct which faculty we suppose to be inferior to reason in man.
THE parental, and filial affections seem to be as ardent, their sensibility and attachment, as active and faithful, as those observed to be in human nature.Flirt chat Island Grove Florida
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