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Advertising Information. Erica Swenson Danowitz; Carol Videon. Many terms have been used to denote the first settlers of America, including First Peoples, Indigenous Peoples of America, Original Americans, Indians of North America, First Nations, and Native Americans an increasingly popular term first used around in an effort to avoid negative stereotypes. This group is multiethnic and contains many subgroups—more than individual tribes.
The Europeans often considered enemies of the Indians named some of these individual tribes, like Iroquois and Sioux. Upon seeing Native Americans, Columbus used the word los Indios to describe them because he thought he had found the western route to India.
Although Columbus was actually in the Caribbean, this erroneous term remained. Numerous Internet resources exist that support not only the study of Native Americans and their diverse culture, but also to assist their culture and well-being. This list of sites for this article mainly focuses on the study of Native American history and culture. We have also included a few Canadian sites and governmental agencies. Article Tools Print this article. How to cite item. Troy Johnson, professor of American Indian Studies at California State University, maintains this site that provides a rich array of links to sites related to Native Americans, including education, historical, and tribal links.
It includes unique artwork, photographs, video, and sound recordings of the Native Americans in North America and also includes Indian people of Central America and Mexico. Digital Librarian—American Indian Studies.
Compiled by a librarian, this site provides links to a variety of information related to Indians in the United States, Canada, and Latin America. It includes links to digital texts, images, history resources, and regional information. As part of the Encyclopedia Smithsonian series, this online encyclopedia links to resources on agriculture, economics, religion, and culture. There is also an extensive list of recommended readings on an eclectic array of topics. Index of Native American Resources on the Internet.
Despite some distracting advertisements, this site offers links related to a variety of topics, including gaming, education, law, health, and a blog that is not updated frequently but does discuss new resources related to Native Americans. A lot of these resources will help both Native American populations and researchers. Native North America. This site includes tribal information for both the United States and Canada.
It also provides links to language, news, television, and film sites. Resources include information on indigenous peoples from all areas of the world and include resources related to genealogy, sports, travel, festivals, and food. There are also links to book, video, and music resources. Organizations sponsored by NativeWeb are linked on this site. An announcement e-mail list with occasional messages related to native peoples is also available by entering an e-mail address.
Teaching aids, including handouts and lesson plans for Native American literature, are also included. Mainly providing information on contemporary Native American authors, this IPL site contains bibliographies, biographical information and links to interviews, online texts and tribal Web sites. Resources are organized by author, title, and tribal name. Native Art Network. This commercial site showcases the work of Native American artists. It also offers links to art show information, tribes, news, and travel information.
Native Peoples Magazine. The online version of the print magazine that covers the arts and cultural lives of Native Americans. A resource rich in information related to all aspects of Native American art, including beadwork, pottery, games, toys, food, and leatherwork. The site includes articles and links to poetry, stories, recipes, and a tour of a woodland homestead.
Many photos and other images accompany the subjects featured. The focus of this site is on Eastern Woodland Indian peoples but information on tribes from other regions is also available. Surrounded by Beauty—Arts of Native America.
Organized into five different regions, this site provides tribal information, historical information, and photos of art objects that allow users to click on them and explore the objects in depth. There are more than surviving Native American languages linked to more than tribes in North, Central, and South America. This nonprofit site addresses all of them with informative learning aids like maps locating the tribes in each state, picture dictionaries, pronunciation guides, grants, and much more.
Occasionally resources for teachers such as word search puzzles are included. Unfortunately the advertisements on each site are distracting, but the quality and quantity of information is worth scrolling past the commercial. Sacred Texts—Native American Religions.
To learn about Native American religion, mythology, legends, and folklore, use this massive archive of transcriptions of public domain texts recorded by ethnographers of the 19th and 20th century. One can search for specific titles or scroll through the index, which is arranged by geographic area and specific tribes.
Some of the fairy tale books for children include beautiful lithographs. Digital archives American Native Press Archives. It provides a comprehensive collection of newspapers, periodicals, and other publications, including a digital library of poems and other prose written by Native Americans. More than 1, images, engravings, photographs, and watercolors are viewable and searchable online depicting ceremonial dress, totems, cooking utensils, formal photographs of chiefs from various tribes, including Cheyenne and Cherokee, as well as candid pictures.
Edward S. Curtis was an American photographer who in the early part of the 20th century travelled the United States and photographed Native Americans to document their culture. He published the photographs in a book entitled The North American Indian This digital collection presents all 2, photographs from this work. Photos are grouped by subject and geographic region for easier browsing.
Images of Native Americans. The Bancroft Library at the University of California-Berkeley created this online site as a digital companion to an exhibit. It contains digital images of color plate illustrations, color photographs, and documents that not only present European interpretations of Native Americans but also early anthropological studies.
A timeline of the materials found in the collection allows users to view them chronologically. Thirty-seven tribal colleges in 14 states were created to foster higher education for Indians living on reservations or in geographically isolated regions and to promote tribal self-determination. Locations, chartering tribes, and accreditation status are listed. Health American Indian Health. The National Library of Medicine generated this portal consisting of links to consumer health, medical resources, policies, research studies, and more.
Specific medical conditions as related to American Indians include cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and substance abuse. Traditional healing methods are included like herbal medicines, massage, healing ceremonies, and spirituality, as well as allopathic treatments. Information on clinical trials, health organizations, and directories can be found here.
Indian Health Service. Under the auspices of the U. It includes fact sheets on specific diseases, medical programs delivered on site and via telemedicinesearchable directories of clinics, and research projects. History Indians in the War. Links to other wars are included.
Native American Heritage Month. The Bureau of Indian Affairs sponsors this site, which has a rich collection of images, paintings, historic places, and Webcasts including Hoop Dancing, storytelling, authors discussing their prize-winning books, and lectures. Native American Voices—Digital History. Part of the digital history series sponsored by the Departments of History and the College of Education at the University of Houston, this resource was created to support the teaching of American History in K—12 schools and colleges.
It provides information from textbooks, primary sources and other documents. The site is organized in chronological order and then by document type. The textbook section introduces the topic and provides an overview of Native American History from their beginnings to contemporary times. The former aims to preserve the history, culture, religion, folk history, and philosophy of Indians; interviews were conducted from towhich coincide with the end of the Reservation Period.
Individuals from more than 30 tribes in Oklahoma provide their oral testimony. Indian-white relations, famous battles, ceremonies, missionary activities, schooling, tribal government, and warfare are included—all from the Indian perspective.
The Indian Papers contain oral interviews also with inhabitants of the Indian Territory Indians and whites during the s. The collection includes biographies and general topics, such as slavery, dances, medicine, legends, Civil War, and daily life. These transcripts are searchable by name, place, or subject. Indian Affairs Laws and Treaties.
Charles J. Kappler compiled this primary source of Indian Treaties. The index is fully searchable. Native American Constitution and Law Digitization project. A t project of the University of Oklahoma Law Center, the National Indian Law Library, and various Native American tribes, this site provides access to constitutions, tribal codes, and other documents, including treaties and research guides.
It also includes the full-text of the Handbook of Federal Indian Law published in and links to other related sites. Other organizations including government sites and museums American Indian Library Association. The Web site for this ALA affiliate provides links to resources that include publications, bibliographies, electronic texts, and online image collections. This site also has resources that can assist librarians in creating Native American collections and that support Native American populations.
The AFN, a national Canadian organization produces this site, which provides information related to the Canadian First Nations including reports, conference proceedings, and links to other Canadian tribes. BIA was established in to provide services, such as land management, education, social services, job training, and administration of tribal courts.
Historically, this agency had adopted controversial policies that have included suppression of Indian rights, cultural genocide, and policing responsibilities. However, today, they have moved from a supervisory role to an advisory role and have hired Indians within their ranks. While approximately tribes are recognized, the criteria exclude some bands. The official Web site for this Smithsonian museum has links to online exhibitions, teaching aides, research information, and audio recordings.Beauty who dated native american
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